Bodhidharma – A Buddhist monk who became the first patriarch of Chinese Buddhism. He is credited with bringing Ch’an (Zen) Buddhism to China.

Christ – “Anointed” or “Messiah,” a title used in the New Testament to refer to Jesus of Nazareth.

The Gospel of John (The Fourth Gospel) – The Gospel of John is the fourth of the four canonical Gospels in Christian Scripture. It differs greatly from the three others (Matthew, Mark, Luke) in its content, narrative style, theology, and presentation of Jesus.

1 John – The first epistle (letter) of three attributed to the author of the Gospel of John. While they share much in common with that Gospel, it is impossible to know for sure who wrote this and the other epistles bearing his name.

Hyang Gok – A Korean Zen Master who, according to, “received dharma transmission from Zen Master Hye Wol, a dharma heir of Kyong Ho. This makes him a dharma cousin of Zen Master Ko Bong. So he’s not too far removed (in the dharma) from Zen Master Seung Sahn.” He is featured in a number of kong-ans in The Whole World Is A Single Flower.

Jesus of Nazareth- The central figure in Christianity, believed by his followers to be the son of God and the messiah. He was a carpenter who became a preacher, teacher, prophet and healer in his community. He was executed by the Roman Empire and, according to Christian teaching, was raised from the dead three days later.

Koan – See Kong-An.

Ko Bong – A Korean Zen Master who lived in the twentieth century and who gave transmission to Zen Master Seung Sahn. Not to be confused with a much earlier Chinese teacher of the same name.

Kong-An – “A seemingly illogical question posed by  Zen teacher to awaken a student.” (Zen Master Dae Kwang in the introduction to Ten Gates: The Kong-an Teaching of Zen Master Seugn Sahn.)

Man Gong – A Korean Zen Master who lived in the first half of the twentieth century. He had many important students and was a leader in Korean Buddhism during the Japanese occupation of Korea.

Nam Cheon (南泉普願, Nanquan, Nan-chuan, Nansen) – An 8th Century Chinese Chan (Zen) master, known for his appearance in important kong-ans and as the teacher of Joju.

Seung Sahn – A Korean Zen Master who taught all over the world and founded the Kwan Um School of Zen.

The Whole World Is A Single Flower – A kong-an collection published by Zen Master Seung Sahn. It brings together many classic Zen kong-ans along with those from recent Korean teachers as well as from the Taoist and Christian traditions.